The Innovation ¡ª published by Cell Press in partnership with members of the Youth Innovation Promotion Association (YIPA),a part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences¡ªis a new broad-scope, open access journal publishing basic and applied research that has impact for the benefit of society.
On the cover: About 100,000 years ago, Diverse Homo species coexisted with our own species Homo sapiens. The Harbin cranium, or the Dragon Man, is one of the best preserved Middle Pleistocene human fossils. The cranium has a large cranial capacity falling in the range of modern humans, but is combined with a mosaic of primitive and derived characters. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the diversification of the Homo genus had a much more distant past than previously presumed. The Harbin cranium and some other Middle Pleistocene human fossils from China represent the third human lineage that is the sister group of H. sapiens and has closer relationships with H. sapiens than Neanderthals with H. sapiens. Multiple Homo lineages in Africa, Asia and Europe probably had a strong capability for long-distance dispersal, but remained in relatively small and isolated populations. Diverse palaeoenvironments in Asia may have produced a varied biogeographic sink for human evolution.