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Climate change: Strategies for mitigation and adaptation

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    1. Climate change is accelerated by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, and its effects are increasingly felt globally.

      Transitioning to renewable energy sources and enhancing carbon sinks are crucial steps in mitigating climate change.

      Adaptation to climate change requires a combination of strategies that foster resilience in local communities and ecosystems.

      Carbon quantification, modeling, and pricing are key areas that need to be further developed to address climate change.

      This review discusses the current status and prospects of global climate change, focusing on mitigation and adaptation strategies.

  • The sustainability of life on Earth is under increasing threat due to human-induced climate change. This perilous change in the Earth's climate is caused by increases in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, primarily due to emissions associated with burning fossil fuels. Over the next two to three decades, the effects of climate change, such as heatwaves, wildfires, droughts, storms, and floods, are expected to worsen, posing greater risks to human health and global stability. These trends call for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies. Pollution and environmental degradation exacerbate existing problems and make people and nature more susceptible to the effects of climate change. In this review, we examine the current state of global climate change from different perspectives. We summarize evidence of climate change in Earth’s spheres, discuss emission pathways and drivers of climate change, and analyze the impact of climate change on environmental and human health. We also explore strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation and highlight key challenges for reversing and adapting to global climate change.
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  • Cite this article:

    Wang F., Harindintwali J.-D., Wei K., et al., (2023). Climate change: Strategies for mitigation and adaptation. The Innovation Geoscience 1(1), 100015. https://doi.org/10.59717/j.xinn-geo.2023.100015
    Wang F., Harindintwali J.-D., Wei K., et al., (2023). Climate change: Strategies for mitigation and adaptation. The Innovation Geoscience 1(1), 100015. https://doi.org/10.59717/j.xinn-geo.2023.100015

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