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阻断潜在传播,新冠期间加快推广移动支付

全球范围内,尽管疫情仍然形势严峻,但是很多国家现金支付仍然是主流。部分国家统计结果见下表。

51.jpg

据世界卫生组织(WHO)报告:截至2020年9月9日,全球确诊新冠(COVID-19)病例2748万,死亡89万。

COVID-19病原体SARS-CoV-2传播途径包括:飞沫传播、接触被污染表面、吸入病毒液滴、气溶胶传播、以及与感染者密切接触等。当携带病毒的感染者咳嗽或者打喷嚏时的飞沫落在物体表面后,能形成表面污染。最近研究表明:SARS-CoV-2在塑料和不锈钢表面可以存活72小时;在铜表面可以存活4小时;在纸质表面可以存活24小时。

在新冠肺炎流行期间,当携带病毒的感染者通过触摸和飞沫等途径使病毒附着在现金(纸币和硬币等)上,可能使现金成为病毒的潜在载体。在现金流通过程中病毒可能在人群中扩散,导致人们罹患新冠肺炎的几率增加。尽管目前没有研究证实人们可以通过现金循环感染病毒,但有关固体表面病毒存活时间的相关研究支持了这种假设。

同时,随着互联网的覆盖、智能手机的普及以及科技的发展催生了移动支付。移动支付便捷高效,避免了人与钱币接触,可有效阻断潜在的新冠肺炎传播途径和降低人群感染的风险。因此,我们强烈建议在新冠肺炎流行期间加快推广移动支付(图1)。

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图1 日常生活中的移动支付

无需现金支付,是一种小确幸,移动支付不仅方便了人们的日常生活,特别是在疫情期间,还降低了新冠感染风险。本文发表后被PubMed Central收录(图2)。

综上,尽管目前没有研究证实现金循环会导致感染SARS-CoV-2,但它在固体表面存活时间的相关研究支持了“有形货币可能成为病毒载体”这种假设。移动支付可以有效避免直接接触任何纸币或硬币;降低潜在感染风险。因此,我们倡议在新冠疫情期间,应该加快推广移动支付。


原文链接:https://www.cell.com/the-innovation/fulltext/S2666-6758(20)30039-4

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